Document Detail

Superior oblique tucks for apparent inferior oblique overaction and V-pattern strabismus associated with craniosynostosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20843188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Apparent inferior oblique overaction and apparent superior oblique underaction are common in strabismus associated with craniosynostosis, and in many cases are likely due to excyclotorsion of the globes, with the rectus muscles acting with oblique vectors. We present a patient with craniosynostosis who underwent bilateral superior oblique tucks to specifically address the excyclotorsion of the globes.
METHODS: A 16-year-old male with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome presented with apparent bilateral inferior oblique overaction and apparent bilateral superior oblique underaction. He had 30 prism diopter (PD) esotropia and 5 PD left hypertropia by simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) at distance and near fixation. Fundus exam revealed marked excyclotorsion of both globes. The superior oblique tendons were tucked 10 mm bilaterally, using a 6-0 mersilene suture and the medial rectus muscles were recessed 5.5 mm on an adjustable suture with a 10-mm inferior displacement. Surgical results were reviewed at 6 weeks and 2 years postoperatively.
RESULTS: At 6 weeks and 2 years postoperatively, apparent inferior oblique overaction, apparent superior oblique underaction, and V-pattern esotropia were markedly improved. At 2 years, SPCT measurements were 8 PD esotropia in primary position at distance and 4 PD esotropia and 3 PD left dissociated vertical deviation at near.
CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral superior oblique tucks are useful in addressing the excyclotorsion that leads to apparent inferior oblique overaction and V-pattern strabismus associated with craniosynostosis.
Jonathan M Holmes; Sarah R Hatt; David A Leske
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Strabismus     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1744-5132     ISO Abbreviation:  Strabismus     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-16     Completed Date:  2011-03-29     Revised Date:  2014-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9310896     Medline TA:  Strabismus     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Craniosynostoses / complications*
Oculomotor Muscles / surgery*
Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures*
Strabismus / etiology,  surgery*
Suture Techniques
Tendons / surgery*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Torsion Abnormality / etiology,  surgery
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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