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Superior mediastinal syndrome due to intrathoracic tuberculosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20814840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A 5-year-old boy presented with fever, cough, breathlessness and facial swelling. He was pale with distended veins over neck and chest, cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy and bilateral expiratory wheeze. Chest radiographs showed superior mediastinal widening. A computed tomography scan of the chest revealed mediastinal lymph nodes compressing superior vena cava and trachea. Bronchoscopy revealed nodular lesions in trachea and bronchi and compression of trachea. Broncho-alveolar lavage revealed acid fast bacilli. Diagnosis of superior mediastinal syndrome (SMS) secondary to tuberculosis was made and child was treated with antitubercular treatment along with oral prednisolone with good response.
Authors:
Jitendra K Sahu; Ramesh P Menon; Rakesh Lodha; Sushil Kumar Kabra
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1021-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.
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