Document Detail


Sunburn related to UV radiation exposure, age, sex, occupation, and sun bed use based on time-stamped personal dosimetry and sun behavior diaries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15837866     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess when sunburn occurs and who experiences sunburn by personal UV dosimetry and diaries. DESIGN: Open prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 340 Danish volunteers: children, adolescents, indoor workers, sun worshippers, golfers, and gardeners (age range, 4-68 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects recorded sunburn and sun-exposure behavior in diaries and carried personal, electronic, wristwatch UV radiation (UVR) dosimeters that measured time-stamped UVR doses continuously for a median of 119 days covering 346 sun-years (1 sun-year equals 1 subject participating during 1 summer half-year). RESULTS: A typical sunburn day was a day off work (91%; odds ratio, 4.1) with risk behavior (sunbathing/exposing shoulders) (79%; odds ratio, 15.9) in May, June, or July (90%) for 6.4 exposure hours (interquartile range, 5-7.7 hours), of which 2.8 hours fell between noon and 3 pm. Subjects had a median of 1 sunburn per sun-year; adolescents, sun worshippers, and indoor workers had more than children, golfers, and gardeners (P<.05). Sunburn peaked at age 20 years, and female subjects had more sunburns than male subjects (P<.01). Skin type IV had fewer sunburns than types I through III (P<.01). Sunburned persons had more risk-behavior days and lower skin type (P<.01) than nonsunburned persons. The median UVR doses received were significantly higher on sunburn days than on nonsunburn days with risk behavior (P<.01). There was a significant correlation between sunburn size and severity; sunburn and sunscreen use; and sunburn and sun-bed use (P<.01 for all 3 comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: Sunburn was highly correlated with risk behavior. Reduction of risk-behavior days and/or exposure hours around noon can reduce sunburn. Sunburn was not found during breaks on normal full-time indoor work or school days.
Authors:
Elisabeth Thieden; Peter A Philipsen; Jane Sandby-Møller; Hans Christian Wulf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of dermatology     Volume:  141     ISSN:  0003-987X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Dermatol     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-19     Completed Date:  2005-05-10     Revised Date:  2008-03-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372433     Medline TA:  Arch Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  482-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. et01@bbh.hosp.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Attitude to Health*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Denmark / epidemiology
Female
Heliotherapy / adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Occupations
Patient Participation
Probability
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk-Taking*
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Sunburn / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Sunscreening Agents / pharmacology*
Time Factors
Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sunscreening Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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