Document Detail


Sulphur dioxide exposure and lung function in a Norwegian and Russian population living close to a nickel smelter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11590874     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The Norwegian-Russian border area is polluted by sulphur dioxide (SO2) emitted from a Russian nickel smelter in the city of Nikel. We studied the effects of daily variations in SO2 on the lung function levels of people on both sides of the border. A cross-sectional population-based study was performed among adults in Sør-Varanger, Norway (n = 3438) and Nikel, Russia (n = 1613). All subjects were assigned 24 h mean SO2 concentrations for their day of screening and the day before on basis of residency. The SO2-concentrations were compared with the daily recordings of forced expiratory volume in one second expressed as percentage of the predicted value (FEV1% predicted). In Sør-Varanger, no significant associations between SO2 and FEV1% predicted were found. In Nikel, FEV1% predicted was exceeded non-systematically in some of the exposure categories (10-50, 50-90, or > 90 micrograms/m3) compared to the reference exposure group (0-10 micrograms/m3). In conclusion, neither of the study populations suffered from a measurable reduction in lung function when SO2 increased above the reference level.
Authors:
T Smith-Sivertsen; V Bykov; H Melbye; V Tchachtchine; A Selnes; E Lund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of circumpolar health     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1239-9736     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Publication Date:  2001 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-09     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9713056     Medline TA:  Int J Circumpolar Health     Country:  Finland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway. Tone.Smith-Sivertsen@isf.uib.no
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants / adverse effects*,  analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*,  analysis
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Lung Diseases / chemically induced,  diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Mining*
Nickel
Norway / epidemiology
Population Surveillance
Probability
Reference Values
Respiratory Function Tests
Risk Assessment
Russia / epidemiology
Sulfur Dioxide / adverse effects*,  analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 7440-02-0/Nickel; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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