Document Detail


Sulfur dioxide and benzo(a)pyrene modulates CYP1A and tumor-related gene expression in rat liver.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19408242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) are common industrial and environmental contaminants. However, few data are available on the effects of SO(2) on proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, as well as the interactions between SO(2) and other xenobiotics regulating proto-oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes expression. To investigate the interactions between SO(2) and B(a)P, male Wistar rats were exposed to intratracheally instilled with B(a)P or SO(2) inhalation alone or together. We detected mRNA expression of CYP1A1 and 1A2, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), and methoxyresorufin O-demethylase (MROD) activities in livers. The mRNA and protein levels of several cancer-related genes were analyzed in livers by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The EROD/MROD activities and CYP1A1/2 expression were down-regulated by SO(2) but up-regulated by B(a)P alone. Exposure of SO(2) alone induced c-fos, c-jun, c-myc, H-ras, and p53 expression, and depressed p16 and Rb expression in livers. The effects of B(a)P on the above gene were similar to SO(2) except c-fos expression. Furthermore, SO(2) + B(a)P exposure increased the expression of c-fos, c-jun, c-myc, and p53, and decreased p16 and Rb expression in livers compared with exposed to SO(2) or B(a)P alone. However, no synergistic effects were observed on H-ras and CYP1A1/2 after SO(2) + B(a)P exposure. Our findings indicate that multiple cell cycle regulatory proteins play key roles in the toxicity of SO(2) and B(a)P in livers. It might involve the activation of c-fos, c-jun, c-myc, and p53. And p16-Rb pathway might also participate in the progress. Although the gene products we studied are classed as oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, their functions actually relate to more general processes of control of cell proliferation, survival, and/or apoptosis.
Authors:
Guohua Qin; Ziqiang Meng
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1522-7278     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-15     Completed Date:  2010-04-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100885357     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Environmental Medicine and Toxicology, Research Center of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Benzo(a)pyrene / toxicity*
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / genetics,  metabolism
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics,  metabolism*
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
Environmental Pollutants / toxicity*
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects
Liver / drug effects,  enzymology,  metabolism*
Male
Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / genetics,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / genetics,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics,  metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) / genetics,  metabolism
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Sulfur Dioxide / toxicity*
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics,  metabolism
Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; 0/Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0/Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 50-32-8/Benzo(a)pyrene; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide; 9035-51-2/Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC 1.-/methoxyresorufin-O-demethylase; EC 1.14.14.1/Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1; EC 3.6.5.2/Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)

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