Document Detail


Sulfur Dioxide Preconditioning Increases Antioxidative Capacity in Rat with Myocardial Ischemia Reperfusion (I/R) Injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23629152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to explore if sulfur dioxide (SO2) preconditioning increased antioxidative capacity in rat with myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: The myocardial I/R model was made by left coronary artery ligation for 30 min and reperfusion for 120 min in rats. Myocardial infarct size and plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) activities, plasma superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione (GSH) changes were detected for the rats. The contents of myocardial hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nitric oxide (NO) were measured. Myocardial protein expressions of SOD1, SOD2, cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) and iNOS were tested using Western blot. RESULTS: Myocardial infarction developed and plasma CK and LDH activities were significantly increased in I/R group compared with those in control group, but SO2 preconditioning significantly reduced myocardial infarct size, and plasma CK and LDH activities. SO2 preconditioning successfully increased plasma SOD, GSH and GSH-Px levels and myocardial SOD1 protein expression, but decreased MDA level in rats of I/R group. Compared with controls, the myocardial H2S level and CSE expression were decreased after I/R, but myocardial NO level and iNOS expression were increased. With the treatment of SO2, myocardial H2S level and CSE expression were increased, but myocardial NO level and iNOS expression were decreased compared with those in I/R group. CONCLUSIONS: SO2 preconditioning could significantly reduce I/R-induced myocardial injury in vivo in association with increased myocardial antioxidative capacity, upregulated myocardial H2S/CSE pathway but downregulated NO/iNOS pathway.
Authors:
Hong-Fang Jin; Yuan Wang; Xin-Bao Wang; Yan Sun; Chao-Shu Tang; Jun-Bao Du
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry / official journal of the Nitric Oxide Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1089-8611     ISO Abbreviation:  Nitric Oxide     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709307     Medline TA:  Nitric Oxide     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, PR China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Measurement of vacuolar and cytosolic pH in vivo in yeast cell suspensions.
Next Document:  The 'Jedward' versus the 'Mohawk': a prospective study on a paediatric distraction technique.