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Sulforaphane attenuates obesity by inhibiting adipogenesis and activating the AMPK pathway in obese mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24445045     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Obesity is associated with metabolic disorders. Sulforaphane, an isothiocyanate, inhibits adipogenesis and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated whether sulforaphane could prevent high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in C57BL/6N mice. Mice were fed a normal diet (ND), HFD or HFD plus 0.1% sulforaphane (SFN) for 6 weeks. Food efficiency ratios and body weight were lower in HFD-SFN-fed mice than in HFD-fed mice. SFN attenuated HFD-induced visceral adiposity, adipocyte hypertrophy and fat accumulation in the liver. Serum total cholesterol and leptin, and liver triglyceride levels were lower in HFD-SFN-fed mice than in HFD-fed mice. SFN decreased the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) and leptin in the adipose tissue of HFD-SFN mice and increased adiponectin expression. Phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the adipose tissue of HFD-SFN-fed mice was elevated, and HMG-CoA reductase expression was decreased compared with HFD-fed mice. Thus, these results suggest that SFN may induce antiobesity activity by inhibiting adipogenesis through down-regulation of PPARγ and C/EBPα and by suppressing lipogenesis through activation of the AMPK pathway.
Authors:
Kyeong-Mi Choi; Youn-Sun Lee; Wonkyun Kim; Seung Jung Kim; Kyong-Oh Shin; Ji-Yeon Yu; Mi Kyeong Lee; Yong-Moon Lee; Jin Tae Hong; Yeo-Pyo Yun; Hwan-Soo Yoo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutritional biochemistry     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1873-4847     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010081     Medline TA:  J Nutr Biochem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  201-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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