Document Detail

Suicidal behavior in children and adolescents with developmental disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10425656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Children and adolescents with developmental disorders exhibit a wide range of self-destructive behaviors. Interestingly, suicidal ideation and gestures have been underreported in this population. This study was designed to examine suicidality in a clinically referred sample. The medical records of all individuals assessed in a specialized program during a 1-year period were reviewed looking at the incidence, the type and the clinical characteristics of any suicidal behavior. Forty-seven patients (20%) experienced either suicidal ideation, threats, or attempts with hanging being the most frequent method considered. Suicidality was more often encountered in individuals diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder, depressive disorders, and post traumatic stress disorder, and less often in the autistic and the severely/profoundly mentally retarded groups. Suicidal behaviors were frequently encountered in children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. Prospective studies should be conducted to examine rigorously the variables associated with suicidality in this population.
A Hardan; R Sahl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0891-4222     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Dev Disabil     Publication Date:    1999 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-08     Completed Date:  1999-10-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
John Merck Program for Developmental Disorders, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Mental Retardation / epidemiology*,  psychology
Risk Factors
Self-Injurious Behavior / epidemiology*,  psychology
Suicide / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Suicide, Attempted / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*

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