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Suggested immobilization test for diagnosis of restless legs syndrome in Parkinson's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22437899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diagnosis of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is difficult because of clinical confounds. The suggested immobilization test (SIT) is validated for diagnosis of primary RLS. This study evaluated the usefulness of the SIT for diagnosis of RLS in PD. We compared SIT scores, as well as polysomnography measures in 50 patients with PD (25 with RLS, 25 without), 25 patients with primary RLS, and 25 age/sex matched controls. Mean leg discomfort score was increased in patients with PD and RLS compared to PD without RLS, and also in patients with primary RLS compared to controls. Leg discomfort was significantly higher at the end of the test in patients with RLS compared to patients without RLS. Intensity of leg discomfort was similar between patients with RLS, with or without PD. Using a mean leg discomfort cutoff of 11, we showed sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 72% for RLS diagnosis in PD during symptomatic time intervals. Periodic leg movements index during the SIT did not differ between groups. Periodic leg movements index during sleep and wakefulness was increased in patients with primary RLS compared to controls, but did not differ between patients with PD, with and without RLS. The sensory SIT is a simple test that may help diagnose RLS in patients with PD. © 2012 Movement Disorder Society.
Authors:
Valérie Cochen De Cock; Sophie Bayard; Huan Yu; Magda Grini; Bertrand Carlander; Ron Postuma; Mahmoud Charif; Yves Dauvilliers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-8257     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610688     Medline TA:  Mov Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Movement Disorder Society.
Affiliation:
Unité des troubles du sommeil, Service de Neurologie, Hôpital Gui de Chauliac, Montpellier, France; Service de Neurologie, Hôpital Gui de Chauliac, Montpellier, France; INSERM U1061, Montpellier, France.
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