Document Detail


Sugar and fat: cravings and aversions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12612163     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food cravings are extremely common, particularly among women. Cravings are frequently reported for specific types of foods, including chocolate and foods high in both sugar and fat. Cravings for specific macronutrients, such as carbohydrate, have been postulated to result from a physiological need to alter neurotransmitters in such states as eating disorders, affective disorders or obesity. However, studies of such cravings are often confounded by differing sensory properties of high and low carbohydrate foods. There is some evidence that sweet, high fat foods are preferred by women with binge-eating disorders and that those preferences are mediated by the endogenous opioid system. Aversion to fat is seen primarily in women with anorexia nervosa. However, it is possible that changes in fat preference may be achieved through behavioral or pharmacological approaches. An understanding of food cravings and aversions may lead to improved methods for the prevention and treatment of obesity and eating disorders.
Authors:
Susan Yanovski
Related Documents :
20658863 - Distributed versus exclusive preference in discrete-trial choice.
20493913 - Coping with food cravings. investigating the potential of a mindfulness-based intervent...
20713393 - The roles and values of wild foods in agricultural systems.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-03     Completed Date:  2003-04-11     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  835S-837S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. sy29f@nih.gov
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cacao
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage*
Eating Disorders
Female
Food Preferences*
Humans
Male
Neurotransmitter Agents / physiology
Obesity
Opioid Peptides / physiology
Sex Characteristics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Neurotransmitter Agents; 0/Opioid Peptides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Sugars and fats: the neurobiology of preference.
Next Document:  Fat and sugar: an economic analysis.