Document Detail


Sugar content of popular sweetened beverages based on objective laboratory analysis: focus on fructose content.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20948525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The consumption of fructose, largely in the form of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), has risen over the past several decades and is thought to contribute negatively to metabolic health. However, the fructose content of foods and beverages produced with HFCS is not disclosed and estimates of fructose content are based on the common assumption that the HFCS used contains 55% fructose. The objective of this study was to conduct an objective laboratory analysis of the sugar content and composition in popular sugar-sweetened beverages with a particular focus on fructose content. Twenty-three sugar-sweetened beverages along with four standard solutions were analyzed for sugar profiles using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in an independent, certified laboratory. Total sugar content was calculated as well as percent fructose in the beverages that use HFCS as the sole source of fructose. Results showed that the total sugar content of the beverages ranged from 85 to 128% of what was listed on the food label. The mean fructose content in the HFCS used was 59% (range 47-65%) and several major brands appear to be produced with HFCS that is 65% fructose. Finally, the sugar profile analyses detected forms of sugar that were inconsistent with what was listed on the food labels. This analysis revealed significant deviations in sugar amount and composition relative to disclosures from producers. In addition, the tendency for use of HFCS that is higher in fructose could be contributing to higher fructose consumption than would otherwise be assumed.
Authors:
Emily E Ventura; Jaimie N Davis; Michael I Goran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1930-739X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-28     Completed Date:  2011-08-15     Revised Date:  2012-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  868-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Beverages / analysis*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Dietary Carbohydrates
Energy Intake
Fructose / analysis*
Glucose / analysis
Obesity
Sweetening Agents / analysis*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
U54 CA 116848/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Sweetening Agents; 30237-26-4/Fructose; 50-99-7/Glucose
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Apr;19(4):687; author reply 687-8   [PMID:  21441939 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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