Document Detail

Sugar content of popular sweetened beverages based on objective laboratory analysis: focus on fructose content.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20948525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The consumption of fructose, largely in the form of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), has risen over the past several decades and is thought to contribute negatively to metabolic health. However, the fructose content of foods and beverages produced with HFCS is not disclosed and estimates of fructose content are based on the common assumption that the HFCS used contains 55% fructose. The objective of this study was to conduct an objective laboratory analysis of the sugar content and composition in popular sugar-sweetened beverages with a particular focus on fructose content. Twenty-three sugar-sweetened beverages along with four standard solutions were analyzed for sugar profiles using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in an independent, certified laboratory. Total sugar content was calculated as well as percent fructose in the beverages that use HFCS as the sole source of fructose. Results showed that the total sugar content of the beverages ranged from 85 to 128% of what was listed on the food label. The mean fructose content in the HFCS used was 59% (range 47-65%) and several major brands appear to be produced with HFCS that is 65% fructose. Finally, the sugar profile analyses detected forms of sugar that were inconsistent with what was listed on the food labels. This analysis revealed significant deviations in sugar amount and composition relative to disclosures from producers. In addition, the tendency for use of HFCS that is higher in fructose could be contributing to higher fructose consumption than would otherwise be assumed.
Emily E Ventura; Jaimie N Davis; Michael I Goran
Related Documents :
7996275 - Composition of meal influences changes in postprandial incremental glucose and insulin ...
23584785 - Identification of potentially diarrheagenic atypical enteropathogenic escherichia coli ...
15601965 - Alterations of gastrointestinal motility in obesity.
11051285 - The glycaemic index of a range of gluten-free foods.
7100965 - Work, aging and dependency in a sherpa population in nepal.
22866605 - The regulatory challenge of food allergens.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1930-739X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-28     Completed Date:  2011-08-15     Revised Date:  2012-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  868-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Beverages / analysis*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Dietary Carbohydrates
Energy Intake
Fructose / analysis*
Glucose / analysis
Sweetening Agents / analysis*
Grant Support
U54 CA 116848/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Sweetening Agents; 30237-26-4/Fructose; 50-99-7/Glucose
Comment In:
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Apr;19(4):687; author reply 687-8   [PMID:  21441939 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Pericardial fat amount is an independent risk factor of coronary artery stenosis assessed by multide...
Next Document:  Respective contributions of maternal insulin resistance and diet to metabolic and hypothalamic pheno...