Document Detail

Sudden infant deaths: stress, arousal and SIDS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14693401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) has dropped in most countries following the development of education campaigns on the avoidance of preventable risk factors for SIDS. These include factors in the infant's micro environment, such as prenatal passive smoking, administration of sedative drugs, prone sleep, high ambient temperature or sleeping with the face covered. Sleep laboratory studies have shown that these risk conditions contribute to the development of respiratory and autonomic disorders and reduce the child's arousability. The opposite effects were seen when studying factors protective from SIDS, such as breastfeeding or the use of a pacifier. In victims of SIDS, similar breathing, autonomic and arousal characteristics were recorded days or weeks before their death. It is concluded that in some infants, already immature control mechanisms can be aggravated by environmental factors.
A Kahn; J Groswasser; P Franco; S Scaillet; T Sawaguchi; I Kelmanson; B Dan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  75 Suppl     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-24     Completed Date:  2004-04-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S147-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric Sleep Unit, University Children's Hospital Reine Fabiola of Brussels, Free University of Brussels, av JJ Crocq 15, B-1020 Brussels, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Arousal / physiology*
Breast Feeding
Hot Temperature
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Infant Care / methods
Infant, Newborn
Prone Position
Risk Factors
Sleep / physiology*
Stress, Physiological / complications*
Sudden Infant Death / etiology*,  prevention & control
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hypnotics and Sedatives

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