Document Detail

Sudden death in persons younger than 40 years of age: incidence and causes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19587604     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The problem of sudden death in the young is currently debated and measures for prevention are being evaluated worldwide. Information on the incidence and causes of sudden (cardiac) death in the young (1-40 years) is essential for the development of these preventive strategies. METHODS: Incidence estimates and causes of death were determined using death certificate data of out-of-hospital sudden deaths recorded by Statistics Netherlands from 1996 to 2006. To define sudden death, International Classification of Diseases codes were selected based on a systematic review of the literature assessing the most common causes of sudden death in the young. RESULTS: The incidence of sudden death was 2.07 (2.06-2.07 per 100 000 person-years). The incidence was higher for men (2.86 per 100 000 person-years) than for women (1.24 per 100 000 person-years) and increased by age. The majority of sudden deaths was of cardiac origin. Sudden cardiac death incidence was 1.62 (1.61-1.62 per 100 000 person-years). In 9% the cause of death remained unexplained. CONCLUSION: The incidence of sudden death in the young is 2.07 per 100 000 person-years. Treatable cardiac causes (such as coronary atherosclerosis and inherited cardiac diseases) are often underlying for the sudden death. This information is helpful in the development of preventive strategies.
Ilonca Vaartjes; Anneke Hendrix; Emmy M Hertogh; Diederick E Grobbee; Pieter A Doevendans; Arend Mosterd; Michiel L Bots
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1741-8275     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-06     Completed Date:  2010-03-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  592-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Cause of Death
Child, Preschool
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Netherlands / epidemiology
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Young Adult

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