Document Detail

Sudden cardiac death in young athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18670141     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although regular aerobic physical activity increases exercise capacity and plays a role in both primary and secondary prevention of a variety of chronic disorders, competitive physical exercise is associated with a significant increase of risk of sudden death in athletes, especially adolescents and young adults. Several pathogenetic mechanisms have been speculated, including silent cardiovascular conditions, mostly cardiomyopathy, premature coronary artery disease and congenital coronary anomalies. Uneventful events, especially commotio cordis, and abuse of unfair and dangerous performance-enhancing drugs, are also claimed as potential causes. Although identification of athletes at major risk and prevention of adverse events seems the more pervasive strategy, guidelines for screening athletes differ widely on international basis and even among the different Sport federations. The aim of this review was to compile the current knowledge on the prevalence and the most common causes of sudden death in sportsmen, providing an overview of the guidelines for pre-participation screening.
Martina Montagnana; Giuseppe Lippi; Massimo Franchini; Giuseppe Banfi; Gian Cesare Guidi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2008-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1349-7235     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-01     Completed Date:  2008-10-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204241     Medline TA:  Intern Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1373-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Clinical Chemistry Section, Department of Morphological-Biomedical Sciences, University Hospital of Verona, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyopathies / complications
Coronary Vessel Anomalies / complications
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology*,  etiology
Risk Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / complications
Thoracic Injuries / complications

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