Document Detail

Sudden unexpected infant deaths: sleep environment and circumstances.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22515860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the characteristics and sleep circumstances of infants who die suddenly and unexpectedly and to examine similarities and differences in risk factors among infants whose deaths are classified as resulting from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), suffocation, or undetermined causes.
METHODS: We used 2005 to 2008 data from 9 US states to assess 3136 sleep-related sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs).
RESULTS: Only 25% of infants were sleeping in a crib or on their back when found; 70% were on a surface not intended for infant sleep (e.g., adult bed). Importantly, 64% of infants were sharing a sleep surface, and almost half of these infants were sleeping with an adult. Infants whose deaths were classified as suffocation or undetermined cause were significantly more likely than were infants whose deaths were classified as SIDS to be found on a surface not intended for infant sleep and to be sharing that sleep surface.
CONCLUSIONS: We identified modifiable sleep environment risk factors in a large proportion of the SUIDs assessed in this study. Our results make an important contribution to the mounting evidence that sleep environment hazards contribute to SUIDs.
Patricia G Schnitzer; Theresa M Covington; Heather K Dykstra
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2012-04-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  102     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-10     Completed Date:  2012-07-31     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1204-12     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asphyxia / complications
Beds / utilization
Cause of Death
Infant Equipment / utilization
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Prone Position
Risk Factors
Sudden Infant Death / epidemiology*,  etiology
Supine Position
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
R40 MC 17177//PHS HHS
Comment In:
Am J Public Health. 2013 May;103(5):e2   [PMID:  23488512 ]
Am J Public Health. 2013 May;103(5):e2-3   [PMID:  23488518 ]

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