Document Detail

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and parental smoking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17881163     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is a major risk factor associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and the risk has increased despite continued advice against this practice. Evidence from the UK suggests the prevalence of maternal smoking during pregnancy has risen amongst SIDS mothers (from 50% to 80%) when the rate amongst expectant mothers in the general population has fallen (from 30% to 20%) confirming pooled estimates from recent studies of a four-fold risk. An additional risk from postnatal exposure has also been identified; increasing with the number of smokers in the household or the daily hours the infant is subjected to a smoke-filled environment. Exposure may lead to a complex range of effects upon normal physiological and anatomical development in fetal and postnatal life that places infants at greatly increased risk of SIDS. Recent legislation prohibiting smoking in public places needs to emphasise the adverse effects of tobacco smoke exposure to infants and amongst pregnant women.
Peter Fleming; Peter S Blair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2007-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-29     Completed Date:  2008-01-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Child Life and Health, University of Bristol, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Maternal Exposure / prevention & control
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Sudden Infant Death / epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control

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