Document Detail

Sucking and breathing patterns during breast- and bottle-feeding in term neonates. Effects of nutrient delivery and composition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2718995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We attempted to determine whether differences in milk composition or flow rate are the primary determinants in altering breathing pattern during nipple-feeding. In the first phase of the study, 15 neonates were studied during breast-feeding and bottle-feeding; in the second phase, 15 were evaluated during bottle-feeding of expressed human milk and formula. A reduction in inspiratory duration was observed with all feeding regimens. Moreover, significant prolongation in expiratory duration and reduction in breathing frequency were observed during bottle-feeding of formula and expressed human milk (compared with control); these effects were greater with formula feeding. Higher sucking frequency was observed during breast-feeding compared with bottle-feeding; no difference in suckling frequency or sucking pressure was observed between bottle-feeding of expressed human milk and formula. We conclude that most of the differences in sucking and breathing patterns between breast- and bottle-feeding can be attributed to nutrient delivery rather than nutrient composition.
O P Mathew; J Bhatia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of diseases of children (1960)     Volume:  143     ISSN:  0002-922X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1989 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-09     Completed Date:  1989-06-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370471     Medline TA:  Am J Dis Child     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  588-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.
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MeSH Terms
Bottle Feeding*
Breast Feeding*
Infant Food / analysis
Infant, Newborn / physiology*
Milk, Human / analysis
Sucking Behavior / physiology*
Grant Support

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