Document Detail

Successful treatment by percutaneous balloon angioplasty of Budd-Chiari syndrome caused by membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava: 8-year follow-up study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8962557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report the long-term result (up to 8 years) of percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTBA) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) caused by membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava (MOVC). BACKGROUND: We previously reported on this nonoperative form of therapy in a smaller series of patients and found the short-term results to be excellent. METHODS: We studied the long-term results of PTBA in the treatment of BCS caused by MOVC in 42 patients who underwent PTBA with the Inoue balloon catheter between June 1988 and February 1996. There were 28 men and 14 women with a mean age of 35.6 years (range 16 to 56). MOVC was incomplete in 27 patients and complete in 15. PTBA was successful in 38 patients (91%). The longest follow-up period was 8 years. RESULTS: All 38 patients who successfully underwent PTBA showed marked symptomatic improvement. Immediately after PTBA, the diameter of the inferior vena cava at the MOVC increased from 1.7 +/- 2 to 19.9 +/- 3.5 mm (p < 0.0001), the caval pressure below the MOVC decreased from 23.6 +/- 8.5 to 12.0 +/- 6.5 mm Hg (p < 0.0001), and the enlarged liver size decreased from 6.5 +/- 1.5 to 2.0 +/- 1.5 cm below the right costal margin at the midclavicular line (p < 0.0001). Over a follow-up period of up to 8 years (7 to 8 years in 4 patients, 5 to 7 years in 12, 3 to 5 years in 11, 2 to 3 years in 6 and < 2 years in 9), MOVC returned in only 1 patient. This patient, our first, required a second PTBA 3 years later and a third 4.25 years after the second PTBA, in combination with stent placement for recurrence of stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: PTBA with the Inoue balloon catheter is an effective, safe and long-lasting alternative to surgical treatment of patients with BCS due to MOVC.
X L Yang; T O Cheng; C R Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-16     Completed Date:  1997-01-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1720-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Chinese People's Liberation Army 150th Central Hospital, Luoyang, Henan, China.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Balloon* / instrumentation
Budd-Chiari Syndrome / etiology,  therapy*
Constriction, Pathologic
Follow-Up Studies
Middle Aged
Vascular Diseases / complications
Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology*,  radiography

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