Document Detail


Successful management of acute pulmonary embolism after surgery for lung cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14500078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Although many case reports of acute pulmonary embolism (APE) have been published, the literature dealing with the management of APE after resection of lung cancer is limited. This report describes seven cases of successful management of APE after surgery for lung cancer and discusses how to manage this problematic complication. METHODS: The medical charts of seven patients with APE after lobectomy and complete mediastinal lymphnode dissection were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Six patients collapsed during their first attempt at walking after surgery in conjunction with a dramatic respiratory change. All these patients promptly underwent enhanced spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning. Bilateral clots were detected in all patients and one patient with a deep venous thrombus (DVT) in the femoral vein had a temporary inferior vena cava filter implanted. Non-surgical therapy was used for six patients: thrombolysis (systemic urokinase) and anticoagulant (heparin or argatroban) for four patients and only anticoagulant therapy started on the day after the operation using argatroban for two. There were no bleeding problems with these thrombolysis and/or anticoagulant therapies except in one case of hemorrhage induced by heparin usage on the day after the operation. None of the cases required allotransfusion in connection with these therapies. Thromboembolectomy was performed for one patient who was hemodynamically unstable due to massive embolism and primary atrial fibrillation. All patients were discharged from our hospital without major complications. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with pulmonary embolism after surgery for lung cancer can be treated aggressively with anticoagulants with/without fibrinolitics or even with pulmonary embolectomy on cardiopulmonary bypass, without excessive risk of bleeding complications. Enhanced spiral CT scanning was very helpful for making a simultaneous diagnosis of APE and DVT. The use of argatroban in conjunction with activated clotting time monitoring should be effective without causing bleeding problems during the early stages after pulmonary resection for lung cancer.
Authors:
Toru Sakuragi; Yukinori Sakao; Kojiro Furukawa; Kazuhisa Rikitake; Satoshi Ohtsubo; Yukio Okazaki; Masafumi Natsuaki; Tsuyoshi Itoh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1010-7940     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-22     Completed Date:  2004-01-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  580-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Saga Medical School, 5-1-1 Nabeshima, Saga 849-8501, Japan. sakurat@post.saga-med.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Aged
Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
Female
Humans
Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
Lymph Node Excision
Male
Middle Aged
Pneumonectomy / adverse effects*
Pulmonary Embolism / drug therapy*,  etiology,  radiography
Retrospective Studies
Thrombolytic Therapy
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticoagulants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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