Document Detail

Successful hazard analysis critical control point implementation in the United Kingdom: understanding the barriers through the use of a behavioral adherence model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11348006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP), a system of risk management designed to control food safety, has emerged over the last decade as the primary approach to securing the safety of the food supply. It is thus an important tool in combatting the worldwide escalation of foodborne disease. Yet despite wide dissemination and scientific support of its principles, successful HACCP implementation has been limited. This report takes a psychological approach to this problem by examining processes and factors that could impede adherence to the internationally accepted HACCP Guidelines and subsequent successful implementation of HACCP. Utilizing knowledge of medical clinical guideline adherence models and practical experience of HACCP implementation problems, the potential advantages of applying a behavioral model to food safety management are highlighted. The models' applicability was investigated using telephone interviews from over 200 businesses in the United Kingdom. Eleven key barriers to HACCP guideline adherence were identified. In-depth narrative interviews with food business proprietors then confirmed these findings and demonstrated the subsequent negative effect(s) on HACCP implementation. A resultant HACCP awareness to adherence model is proposed that demonstrates the complex range of potential knowledge, attitude, and behavior-related barriers involved in failures of HACCP guideline adherence. The model's specificity and detail provide a tool whereby problems can be identified and located and in this way facilitate tailored and constructive intervention. It is suggested that further investigation into the barriers involved and how to overcome them would be of substantial benefit to successful HACCP implementation and thereby contribute to an overall improvement in public health.
S J Gilling; E A Taylor; K Kane; J Z Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-11     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  710-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Food Safety Management Unit, Lancashire Postgraduate School of Medicine & Health, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Consumer Product Safety / standards*
Food / standards*
Food Industry*
Foodborne Diseases / prevention & control
Great Britain
Guideline Adherence*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Interviews as Topic
Models, Theoretical
Risk Factors
Risk Management
Self Efficacy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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