Document Detail

Substance use and misuse among professional ballet dancers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20509743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study investigated substance use and misuse among 16 female and 9 male Croatian ballet professionals in 2008 using an original questionnaire. We analyzed social, personal, activity- and training-related, and educational factors, and criteria such as: binge alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, appetite suppressant consumption, analgesic use, and actual and potential "doping" habits. Frequency tables and rank-order correlation were calculated. More than one third of the male dancers reported binge drinking, while 20% of the females smoked more than a box of cigarettes per day. Almost 25% of these dancers will use "doping" if it will ensure successful ballet performance, regardless of negative health consequences. In males, the risk of potential "doping" behavior increased with age. In females, education level was negatively related to cigarette smoking, but positively correlated to potential "doping" habits and behavior. In both genders, religiousness was the factor negatively related to the following: (1) potential "doping" behavior and (2) belief that "doping" exists in professional ballet. Results suggest that there is evident need for more specific medical and/or psychological services in professional ballet. The study's limitations are noted.
Damir Sekulic; Mia Peric; Jelena Rodek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Substance use & misuse     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1532-2491     ISO Abbreviation:  Subst Use Misuse     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-31     Completed Date:  2010-09-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602153     Medline TA:  Subst Use Misuse     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1420-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Split, Split, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alcoholism / epidemiology*,  psychology
Appetite Depressants*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dancing / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Doping in Sports / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*,  psychology
Pilot Projects
Sex Factors
Street Drugs*
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*,  psychology
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 0/Appetite Depressants; 0/Street Drugs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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