Document Detail

Substance use in rural Midwestern pregnant women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1341592     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of prenatal use of cocaine, cannabis, amphetamines, opiates, and cigarettes in rural midwestern women by analysis of reported use of cigarettes, maternal urine drug screening at admission to labor and delivery, and newborn meconium screening. DESIGN: The cohort of all women presenting to labor and delivery and their newborns were screened by urine and meconium analysis. Demographic information was also collected and matched to the urine and meconium samples. SETTING: Four primary care hospitals in rural Minnesota. Hospitals range in size from 66 to 140 beds, with 400 to 780 deliveries each year. PARTICIPANTS: All women presenting to labor and delivery for evaluation of term or preterm labor between April 4, 1991, and October 4, 1991. MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS: Overall, drugs not administered during labor were found in a mean (+/- SD) of 3.2% +/- 1.1% of all urine screens. Cannabis was found in 1.2% +/- 0.7% of maternal urine samples, amphetamines in 0.8% +/- 0.58%, opiates in 1.2% +/- 0.7%, and cocaine in 0% +/- 0.3%. Meconium samples were positive in 1.8% +/- 0.9% of cases. Cannabis was found in 1.1% +/- 0.7% of meconium samples, opiates in 0.6% +/- 0.5%, and cocaine in 0.1% +/- 0.1%. No urine samples were positive for more than one drug. One meconium sample tested positive for both cocaine and cannabis. Nearly 4% of patients had either a positive urine specimen or a positive meconium specimen. By history, 24.5% of women admitted to smoking during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: The use of cocaine, cannabis, opiates, and amphetamines was uncommon in this rural population. However, one quarter of the women admitted to smoking during pregnancy, exposing their fetuses to a dangerous substance.
B P Yawn; R A Yawn; D L Uden
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of family medicine     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1063-3987     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Fam Med     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-25     Completed Date:  1994-01-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9300357     Medline TA:  Arch Fam Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Infant, Newborn
Meconium / chemistry
Middle Aged
Minnesota / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
Rural Population
Substance Abuse Detection
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*,  urine
Comment In:
Arch Fam Med. 1993 Apr;2(4):351   [PMID:  8130912 ]

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