Document Detail


Substance-induced psychotic disorders: 13-Year data from a de-addiction centre and their clinical implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22981049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relationship between substance use and psychotic disorder has been complex. Alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and phencyclidine have been implicated as a causative factor for psychotic disorders. It is important to differentiate substance induced psychotic disorders (SIPDs) from primary psychotic disorders as management of the two conditions is different. There is paucity of research in the area of SIPD particularly from Asia. The present study was a retrospective study and it determines retrospectively the incidence rate and clinical characteristics of the SIPDs over a period of 13 years. The incidence of SIPDs was found to be 1.4% and all the subjects were males. In the present study, only alcohol and cannabis were implicated as causative agents for SIPDs. The most common type of psychosis was schizophrenia like psychosis, being more common in the cannabis group. The other forms of psychosis included delusional type, hallucinatory type and affective psychosis. 20% of the subjects had a change in diagnosis to either schizophrenia or affective psychosis on follow-up. The present study showed that the presentation of SIPDs is similar to the primary psychotic disorder and this has management implication.
Authors:
Munish Aggarwal; Anindya Banerjee; Shubh Mohan Singh; S K Mattoo; D Basu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-03-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian journal of psychiatry     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1876-2026     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian J Psychiatr     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101517820     Medline TA:  Asian J Psychiatr     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  220-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.
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