Document Detail

Substance abuse and recovery in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16377368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the development in symptoms, behaviors, function and treatment between patients with or without a substance use (SU) diagnose in a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). METHODS: A total of 118 admitted patients were assessed at admittance, day 3 and discharge from the PICU. Symptoms of psychopathology, therapeutic steps taken, violent episodes and length of patient stay were recorded. RESULTS: More males than females received an SU diagnosis. Substance use patients had less psychiatric symptoms at admittance and showed a faster symptom reduction, more favorable and faster improvement of function and a shorter length of stay. Except for symptom reduction and shorter length of stay, these differences were largely due to differences in sex and diagnoses in the two groups. CONCLUSION: In a naturalistic group of patients in a PICU, SU is associated with favorable outcomes compared to patients not using substances.
Arne E Vaaler; Gunnar Morken; John Chr Fløvig; Valentina C Iversen; Olav M Linaker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  General hospital psychiatry     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0163-8343     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Publication Date:    2006 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-26     Completed Date:  2006-05-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905527     Medline TA:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7006 Trondheim, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Intensive Care Units
Length of Stay
Mental Disorders / therapy*
Middle Aged
Psychiatric Department, Hospital
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
Treatment Outcome

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