Document Detail

Subretinal hemorrhage after lens-sparing vitrectomy in infants born at or under 24 weeks gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18317349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To describe short term outcomes in a case series of infants with rapidly progressive retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring laser and lens-sparing vitrectomies (LSV) at early postmenstrual ages (PMAs). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of infants born at or under 24 0/7 weeks consecutively referred for management of severe ROP between August 2006 and January 2007. RESULTS: Five female infants (mean gestational age 23 4/7 weeks, mean birthweight 514.4 g) required laser treatment bilaterally for zone 1 or posterior zone II ROP at 35-37 weeks PMA. LSV was performed for progressive stage 4 ROP in eight eyes at 37-39 weeks PMA (mean 38.2 weeks). Subretinal hemorrhage occurred after LSV in five eyes, with three developing subretinal fibrosis preventing complete retinal reattachment. CONCLUSION: Premature infants in this series had rapidly progressive ROP requiring laser and LSV at early PMAs. Subretinal hemorrhage occurred and may be related to the amount of laser necessary to treat large zones of avascular retina, and the early timing of vitrectomy when postoperative contracting preretinal vitreous no longer has the natural tamponading force of formed gel against it. Improved therapies for premature infants of very young gestational ages and large avascular zones are needed.
M Elizabeth Hartnett; R Jeffrey Board; Odette Houghton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0275-004X     ISO Abbreviation:  Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-10     Completed Date:  2008-04-29     Revised Date:  2009-02-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309919     Medline TA:  Retina     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S69-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Retinal Detachment / etiology
Retinal Hemorrhage / etiology*
Retinopathy of Prematurity / surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Vitrectomy / adverse effects*
Erratum In:
Retina. 2009 Jan;29(1):127

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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