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Suboptimal results after sphincteroplasty: another hazard of obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25005718     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of sphincteroplasty in obese patients.
METHODS: Patients with fecal incontinence (FI) who underwent sphincter repair were identified and divided into obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2)] and nonobese (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)) groups. Cleveland Clinic Florida FI Score (CCFFIS: 0 best and 20 worst) and FI quality of life (FIQoL) score (mean global FIQoL: 4.11 best and 1 worst) were recorded. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U tests compared quantitative variables; Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables.
RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients (78 females; mean age: 57 ± 15 years) were divided into obese (n = 15) and nonobese (n = 64) groups and were similar in age, etiology, physiologic parameters, and preoperative CCFFIS. Median follow-up was 64 (13-138) months. There were 3 (25 %) and 11 (17 %) complications in the obese and nonobese groups, respectively (p = 0.68), the most common being wound infection. Mean CCFFIS decreased from 16.0 ± 3.9 to 11.5 ± 6.5 in the obese (p < 0.001) and 16.2 ± 3.4 to 8.4 ± 5.0 in the nonobese groups (p < 0.001). Postoperative CCFFIS correlated with FIQoL (Spearman's correlation coefficient = -0.738, p < 0.001). Nonobese patients had significantly higher CCFFIS improvement (48 vs. 28 % p = 0.04) and a superior mean global FIQoL score (2.19 ± 0.9 vs. 2.93 ± 0.8, p < 0.01). Four (29 %) obese and 11 (17 %) nonobese patients required further surgery after failed sphincteroplasty (p = 0.45).
CONCLUSIONS: Risk of complications and need of further continence surgery were similar between obese and nonobese patients. However, obese patients experienced less improvement after sphincteroplasty.
Authors:
K D Hong; G DaSilva; J T Dollerschell; S D Wexner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Techniques in coloproctology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1128-045X     ISO Abbreviation:  Tech Coloproctol     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9613614     Medline TA:  Tech Coloproctol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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