Document Detail


Subjective effects of khat chewing in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2877839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The subjective effects of Khat (Catha edulis) chewing were studied in 14 male somali, habitual khat users, by means of the Addiction Research Center Inventory (ARCI) questionnaire and of visual analogue scales concerning mood and appetite. Results show that euphoria, improved intellectual efficiency and alertness were associated with khat consumption in 10 subjects. In contrast, the remaining 4 subjects experienced only dysphoria and mild sedation. These latter effects were present in all the subjects in the post-chewing period. In spite of these subjective differences, blood pressure and pulse rate increased in all the volunteers studied. As a whole, these results are consistent with the presumed amphetamine-like action of khat, but suggest also a major role of environmental factors in the expression of these actions.
Authors:
P Nencini; A M Ahmed; A S Elmi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0376-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  1986 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-01-07     Completed Date:  1987-01-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-105     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Appetite / drug effects*
Catha
Central Nervous System Stimulants / pharmacology*
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
Emotions / drug effects*
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Humans
Male
Mental Processes / drug effects*
Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
Questionnaires
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Stimulants; 0/Contraceptives, Oral, Combined; 0/Plant Extracts

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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