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Subfoveal choroidal thickness and foveal retinal thickness during head-down tilt.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22462366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: To reveal subtle morphological changes in the eye during simulated microgravity for spaceflights, we measured subfoveal choroidal thickness and foveal retinal thickness during 10 degrees head-down tilt (HDT). We hypothesized that elevated ophthalmic vein pressure during simulated microgravity increases subfoveal choroidal thickness via enlargement of the choroidal vasculature and greater choroidal blood volume.
METHODS: The right eyes of nine healthy subjects (seven men, two women) were examined. Subfoveal choroidal thickness and foveal retinal thickness were measured using spectral domain-optical coherence tomography in the sitting position, and after 15 and 30 min of 10 degrees HDT. Intraocular pressure was also measured.
RESULTS: Mean subfoveal choroidal thickness (+/- SEM) increased from 300 +/- 31 microm in the sitting position to 315 +/- 31 microm with 15-min HDT, and 333 +/- 31 microm with 30-min HDT. However, no change in foveal retinal thickness was observed (228 +/- 9 microm in the sitting position, 228 +/- 10 microm with 15-min HDT and 228 +/- 9 microm with 30-min HDT). Intraocular pressure increased from 14 +/- 1 mmHg in the sitting position to 21 +/- 2 mmHg with 30-min HDT (54 +/- 6%, N = 5).
DISCUSSION: Subfoveal choroidal thickness and intraocular pressure were increased by HDT during simulated microgravity, although no change in foveal retinal thickness was observed.
Authors:
Ari Shinojima; Ken-Ichi Iwasaki; Ken Aoki; Yojiro Ogawa; Ryo Yanagida; Mitsuko Yuzawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  388-93     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Visual Science, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
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