Document Detail

Subdural Hematoma in Infants Without Accidental or Nonaccidental Injury: Benign External Hydrocephalus, a Risk Factor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21576186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Benign external hydrocephalus (BEH) is considered a self-limiting condition in infants. Subdural hematoma (SDH) in infants without a history of trauma indicates nonaccidental injury (NAI). The authors studied whether SDH can complicate BEH without apparent trauma. Out of 45 children younger than 3 years with nontraumatic SDH, 9 (7 boys) with mean age 6 months had BEH as risk factor. Symptoms included increasing head size (8), fussiness, and irritability (3). Three had up-gaze restriction, 1 axial hypotonia, and 6 normal examination. Neuroimaging showed prominent extra-axial spaces; SDH was bilateral (6), subacute (5). Other etiological workup for SDH was negative except NAI in 1. Two required evacuation of SDH and subdural-peritoneal shunt; others managed conservatively. Development was normal in 8 on follow-up. On follow-up imaging of 8, SDH completely resolved in 3, markedly reduced in 3, and remained stable in 2. BEH is a risk factor for SDH in infants, thus not always benign.
Partha S Ghosh; Debabrata Ghosh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-2707     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372606     Medline TA:  Clin Pediatr (Phila)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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