Document Detail

Subcutaneous fat in the fetal abdomen as a predictor of growth restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10432129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine if measuring fetal abdominal fat antenatally using ultrasound can predict fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: One hundred thirty-seven unselected women with singleton pregnancies had serial ultrasound scans at 20, 26, 31, and 38 weeks' gestation. Subcutaneous fat in the fetal abdomen was measured using the same section as the abdominal circumference (AC). Outcome measures were birth weight, neonatal morbidity, and ponderal index. RESULTS: Infants with subcutaneous fat less than 5 mm at 38 weeks (n = 51) were almost five times more likely to have a birth weight below the 10th centile than those with subcutaneous fat of 5 mm or more (n = 75). The incidence of neonatal morbidity was significantly higher in infants with subcutaneous fat less than 5 mm, compared with those with subcutaneous fat of 5 mm or more (20% versus 8%, P < .05). Decreased subcutaneous fat was also associated with a high prevalence of low ponderal index, regardless of birth weight category. CONCLUSION: Measurement of fat in the abdominal wall is a simple technique with a sensitivity for predicting low birth weight similar to that of conventional sonography and might potentially predict FGR irrespective of fetal weight.
F Gardeil; R Greene; B Stuart; M J Turner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-30     Completed Date:  1999-08-30     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-12     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Coombe Women's Hospital, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Abdomen / embryology*,  ultrasonography*
Adipose Tissue / embryology*,  ultrasonography*
Birth Weight
Fetal Growth Retardation / ultrasonography*
Infant, Newborn
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Ultrasonography, Prenatal*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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