Document Detail

Subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients: role of combination antiretroviral therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16439699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether or not combination antiretroviral therapy (CART) alone directly contributes to accelerating atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients has not been studied in depth. This study aimed to ascertain the relationship between this therapy and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis according to cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Sixty-eight HIV-infected patients with < or =1 cardiovascular risk factors and 64 with > or =2 risk factors completed the study protocol consisting of clinical, laboratory, and vascular evaluation by carotid high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed with the presence of subclinical carotid atherosclerosis, defined by carotid intima-media thickness >0.8 mm or the presence of plaque being the dependent variable. RESULTS: Among the 132 enrolled patients, 93 (70.5%) were on CART and 39 (29.5%) had never been on antiretroviral therapy. In accordance with cardiovascular risk stratification, subclinical carotid atherosclerosis was found in 26.6% (17 of 64 patients) of the very low-risk group (10-year coronary risk <5%), 35.3% (12 of 34 patients) of the low-risk group (10-year coronary risk between 5% and 9%) and 76.5% (26 of 34 patients) of the moderate/high-risk group (10-year coronary risk > or =10%). Thus, 55 (41.7%) of the 132 HIV-infected patients had subclinical carotid atherosclerosis, and independent variables associated with carotid atherosclerosis (odds ratio; 95% CI) were: CART exposure (10.5; 2.8 to 39) and 10-year coronary risk > or =10% (4.2; 1.5 to 12). In very low coronary risk patients (<5%), age (per 10-year increment: 4.01; 1.12 to 14.38), systolic blood pressure (per unit mm Hg 1.07; 1.01 to 1.14), and CART exposure (8.65; 1.54 to 48.54) were independently associated with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: CART should be considered a strong, independent predictor for the development of subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients, regardless of known major cardiovascular risk factors and atherogenic metabolic abnormalities induced by this therapy.
Carlos Jericó; Hernando Knobel; Nahum Calvo; María L Sorli; Ana Guelar; Juan L Gimeno-Bayón; Pere Saballs; José L López-Colomés; Juan Pedro-Botet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-01-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-28     Completed Date:  2006-03-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  812-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use*
Blood Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases / pathology
Carotid Artery Diseases / complications*,  diagnosis*
Cholesterol / metabolism
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Infections / complications*,  diagnosis,  drug therapy*
HIV Seropositivity / drug therapy*
Logistic Models
Models, Statistical
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Retroviral Agents; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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