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Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Grown-Up Congenital Heart Disease Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143351     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Subclinical hypothyroidism usually is asymptomatic, but it can be associated with various adverse cardiologic outcomes. With the objective of gaining insight into the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in congenital heart abnormalities, this study measured serum TSH concentrations in different subtypes of grown-up congenital heart disease (GUCHD) patients. Serum TSH (reference range, 0.34-5.6 mIU/L), creatinine, cholesterol, C-reactive protein (CRP), N-terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP), and 24-h proteinuria were measured in 249 GUCHD patients. Of 24 GUCHD patients (9.6 %) with a TSH level higher than 5.6 mUI/L, nine were cyanotic (37.5 %) and seven (29.1 %) had Down syndrome. The GUCHD patients with serum TSH exceeding 5.6 mIU/L had a significantly higher level of serum NT-pro-BNP (195.1 [0.28; 5,280.3] vs 57.6 [0.00; 929.8]; p = 0.001) and CRP (0.30 [0.06; 1.87] vs 0.16 [0.00; 1.40]; p = 0.011] than those with a TSH level of 5.6 mIU/L or lower. No significant differences were found in serum creatinine, lipids, or 24-h proteinuria between the two groups. The T4 concentrations in the GUCHD patients with TSH exceeding 5.6 mIU/L were within the normal range (0.89 ± 0.23 ng/dL). In the multivariate analysis, cyanosis (odds ratio [OR], 6,399; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 2,296-17,830; p < 0.001), Down syndrome (OR, 6,208; 95 % CI, 1,963-19,636; p = 0.002), and NT-pro-BNP concentrations (OR, 1,001; 95 % CI, 1,000-1,002; p < 0.026) proved to be risk factors for TSH levels higher than 5.6 mIU/L. Because subclinical hypothyroidism entails a cardiovascular risk, the authors postulate that TSH screening should be included in the routine follow-up evaluation of GUCHD patients with cyanosis or Down syndrome.
Authors:
Efrén Martínez-Quintana; Fayna Rodríguez-González; Vicente Nieto-Lago
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1971     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003849     Medline TA:  Pediatr Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Servicio de Cardiología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular-Materno Infantil, Avda. Marítima del Sur s/n, 35016, Las Palmas, Spain, efrencardio@gmail.com.
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