Document Detail

Subacute toxic effects of dietary T-2 toxin in young mallard ducks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6883185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Young Mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) were fed diets containing purified T-2 toxin at levels of 20 or 30 ppm for two or three weeks. Ingestion of T-2 toxin was associated with reduced weight gain and delayed development of adult plumage. Affected ducks developed caseonecrotic plaques throughout the upper alimentary tract, especially in oropharynx and ventriculus. Several ducks also developed severe ulcerative, proliferative esophagitis and proventriculitis. Generalized atrophy of all lymphoid tissues consistently occurred. The manifestations of T-2 mycotoxicosis in Mallard ducks were mostly attributable to irritant toxicity to the alimentary mucosa. The T-2 toxin caused neither hematopoietic suppression nor a hemorrhagic syndrome in ducks. These alimentary lesions of T-2 mycotoxicosis in ducks do not resemble diseases of native waterfowl presently being recognized in routine surveillance of waterfowl mortality in Saskatchewan.
M A Hayes; G A Wobeser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of comparative medicine. Revue canadienne de médecine comparée     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0008-4050     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Comp. Med.     Publication Date:  1983 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-10-21     Completed Date:  1983-10-21     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151747     Medline TA:  Can J Comp Med     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  180-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / adverse effects
Bird Diseases / chemically induced*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Digestive System Diseases / chemically induced,  veterinary
Ducks* / growth & development
Esophagitis / chemically induced,  pathology,  veterinary
Mouth Diseases / chemically induced,  veterinary
Sesquiterpenes / poisoning*
T-2 Toxin / adverse effects,  poisoning*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sesquiterpenes; 21259-20-1/T-2 Toxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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