Document Detail

Sturge-Weber syndrome: study of 55 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18714797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To review the clinical and neuroimaging features of a large series of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) seen over a 40-year period. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with SWS (30 males and 25 females), were studied between 1965 and 2004. Results of neurological and ophthalmological examinations, electroencephalographic, and neuroimaging studies were reviewed. All patients were seen by one of the authors (I. P-C). RESULTS: Epilepsy, hemiparesis, mental retardation and ocular problems were the most frequent and severe features of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome in this series. The facial nevus flammeus was unilateral in 35 (63.5%) patients, bilateral in 17 (31%) and absent in 3 (5.5%) of the patients with leptomeningeal angiomas. Seven (41%) of the 17 patients with bilateral nevus flammeus had unilateral leptomeningeal angiomas. Seizures occurred in 47 patients (85.5%). Complete seizure control was obtained in 20 patients (42.5%), but in 2 of these 20 patients seizures were controlled only after lobectomy. All patients with unilateral or bilateral upper eyelid nevus flammeus had ipsilateral, unilateral or bilateral choroid-retinal angiomas. Only 20 (36%) of the 55 patients had low-normal or borderline intelligence (IQs < 70). No relationship was observed between the size of the facial nevus flammeus and the severity of the brain lesion. CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy, hemiparesis, mental retardation and ocular problems were the most frequent and severe features of patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome in this series. Cerebral lesions followed a progressive course during early childhood, but not later. Early surgical treatment controlled the seizures but other neurological problems such as hemiparesis and intellectual deficits showed a less satisfactory response. Early onset of seizures and poor response to medical treatment, bilateral cerebral involvement and unilateral severe lesions were indicative of a poor prognosis. Limited intelligence and social skills, poor aesthetic appearance and seizures complicated the integration of SWS patients. These features must be addressed in order for the patients improve social interactions, obtain gainful employment and achieve a better quality of life.
Ignacio Pascual-Castroviejo; Samuel-Ignacio Pascual-Pascual; Ramón Velazquez-Fragua; Juán Viaño
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0317-1671     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Neurol Sci     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-21     Completed Date:  2008-10-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415227     Medline TA:  Can J Neurol Sci     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  301-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric Neurology Service, University Hospital La Paz, Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Epilepsy / complications*
Eye Diseases / complications*
Face / physiopathology
Functional Laterality
Longitudinal Studies
Meningeal Neoplasms / complications
Mental Retardation / complications*
Middle Aged
Paresis / complications*
Port-Wine Stain / complications
Quality of Life
Sturge-Weber Syndrome / complications*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Trigeminal Nerve / physiopathology

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