Document Detail


Studying neonates' language and memory capacities with functional near-infrared spectroscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21687439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The measurement of newborns' brain hemodynamic activity has improved our understanding of early cognitive processes, in particular of language acquisition. In this paper, we describe two experimental protocols adapted to study neonates' speech-processing capacities using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS): the block design and the familiarization-recognition design. We review some of their benefits and disadvantages, and refer to research issues that can be explored by means of these protocols. We also illustrate the use of the two experimental designs through representative fNIRS studies that reveal specific patterns of activation of the newborn brain during speech perception, learning of repetition structures, and word recognition.
Authors:
Silvia Benavides-Varela; David M Gómez; Jacques Mehler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in psychology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1664-1078     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Psychol     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-20     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101550902     Medline TA:  Front Psychol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  64     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cognitive Neuroscience Sector, International School for Advanced Studies Trieste, Italy.
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