Document Detail

Study on the tongue manifestations for the blood-stasis and toxin syndrome in the stable patients of coronary heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21611895     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To explore the tongue manifestations for the blood-stasis and toxin syndrome in the stable patients of coronary heart disease (CHD) according to the acute cardiovascular events (ACEs) in one-year follow-up which based on the pathogenesis hypothesis of "blood-stasis and toxin causing catastrophe".
METHODS: Totally 254 stable CHD cases were enrolled after diagnosed by coronary angiography, their tongue appearances were recorded by the digital camera of uniform type, 29 cases with ACEs during one-year follow-up were assigned in ACEs group. The non-ACEs were matched in proportion of 2:1 according to the gender, age (±2.5 years), diabetes mellitus history and previous acute coronary syndrome hospitalization history in the non-ACEs group, and 54 cases were eligibly included. The differences of tongue appearance between the ACEs and non-ACEs group were compared.
RESULTS: Fifteen cases manifested with bluish tongue (including bluish-grounding or bluish purple tongue), among which 11 cases (37.9%) in the ACEs group and four cases (7.4%) in the non-ACEs group, and there was significant difference (P<0.002). Twenty six cases showed yellow tongue coating in the non-ACEs group, which was significantly higher than that in the ACEs group (48.1 vs. 10.3%, P=0.001). The tongue of sticky greasy coating was more frequently occurred in the non-ACEs group than that in the ACEs group (66.7% vs. 41.4%, P=0.026). The proportion of purplish-red sublingual vessel was higher in the ACEs group than that in the non-ACEs group (41.4% vs. 20.4%, P=0.041). Odd ratio (OR) analysis showed that the patients with bluish tongue, purplish-red sublingual vessel, dry-greasy or dirty greasy coating were more likely to experience ACEs during oneoneyear follow-up (OR: 11.67, 95%CI: 3.34 year 3.34-40.81, P<0.001; OR: 2.76, 95%CI: 1.02 1.02-7.44, P<0.05; OR: 3.12, 95%, CI: 0.89 0.89-10.92, P=0.066).
CONCLUSIONS: The bluish tongue (including bluish-grounding or bluish purple tongue) and purplish-red sublingual vessel were potential tongue manifestations of blood-stasis and toxin. The tongue coating changing from sticky greasy to dry greasy or dirty greasy was also probably a tongue manifestation of "transforming toxin", which need demonstration by further study.
Yan Feng; Hao Xu; Dan Qu; Feng Zheng; Da-Zhuo Shi; Ke-Ji Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese journal of integrative medicine     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1672-0415     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin J Integr Med     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181180     Medline TA:  Chin J Integr Med     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Graduate School of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, China.
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