Document Detail

Study of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis areas in the central-western state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23178219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The transmission of Leishmania involves several species of sand flies that are closely associated with various parasites and reservoirs, with differing transmission cycles in Brazil. A study on the phlebotomine species composition has been conducted in the municipality of Divinópolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil, an endemic area for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), which has intense occurrence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases. In order to study the sand flies populations and their seasonality, CDC light traps (HP model) were distributed in 15 houses which presented at least one case of CL or VL and in five urban parks (green areas). Collections were carried out three nights monthly from September 2010 to August 2011. A total of 1064 phlebotomine specimens were collected belonging to two genera and seventeen species: Brumptomyia brumpti, Lutzomyia bacula, Lutzomyia cortelezzii, Lutzomyia lenti, Lutzomyia sallesi, Lutzomyia longipalpis, Lutzomyia migonei, Lutzomyia intermedia, Lutzomyia neivai, Lutzomyia whitmani, Lutzomyia christenseni, Lutzomyia monticola, Lutzomyia pessoai, Lutzomyia aragaoi, Lutzomyia brasiliensis, Lutzomyia lutziana, and Lutzomyia sordellii. L. longipalpis, the main vector of Leishmania infantum in Brazil, was the most frequent species, accounting for 76.9% of the total, followed by L. lenti with 8.3%, this species is not a proven vector. Green and urban areas had different sand flies species composition, whereas the high abundance of L. longipalpis in urban areas and the presence of various vector species in both green and urban areas were also observed. Our data point out to the requirement of control measures against phlebotomine sand flies in the municipality of Divinópolis and adoption of strategies aiming entomological surveillance.
Bruno Warlley Leandro Nascimento; Lara Saraiva; Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira Neto; Paula Cavalcante Lamy Serra e Meira; Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette; Gabriel Barbosa Tonelli; Helbert Antônio Botelho; Vinícius Silva Belo; Eduardo Sérgio da Silva; Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo; José Dilermando Andrade Filho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta tropica     Volume:  125     ISSN:  1873-6254     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Trop.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-07-03     Revised Date:  2013-12-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370374     Medline TA:  Acta Trop     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  262-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Brazil / epidemiology
Disease Vectors*
Endemic Diseases*
Leishmaniasis / epidemiology*
Psychodidae / classification*,  growth & development*

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