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Study of the respiratory pattern variability in patients during weaning trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17271151     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mechanical ventilators are used to provide life support in patients with respiratory failure. One of the challenges in intensive care is the process of weaning from mechanical ventilation. We studied the differences in respiratory pattern variability between patients capable of maintaining spontaneous breathing during weaning trials and patients that fail to maintain spontaneous breathing. The respiratory pattern was characterized by the following time series: inspiratory time (T(I)), expiratory time (T(E)), breath duration (T(Tot)), tidal volume (V(T)), fractional inspiratory time (T(I)/T(Tot)), mean inspiratory flow (V(T)/T(I)), respiratory frequency (f), and rapid shallow breathing index (f/V(T)). The variational activity of breathing was partitioned into autoregressive, periodic and white noise fractions. Patients with unsuccessful trial presented a tendency to higher values of gross variability of V(T)/T(I) and f/V(T), and lower values of T(I). The autocorrelation coefficients tended to present higher values for T(I), T(I)/T(Tot) and V(T)/T(I). During both successful and unsuccessful T-tube test uncorrelated random behavior constituted > 75% of the variance of each time breath components and represented 50 to 70% in the breath component related to V(T). Correlated behavior represented 6 to 21% in time components and 28 to 50% in component related to V(T).
Authors:
B F Giraldo; J Chaparro; D Ballesteros; L Lopez-Rodriguez; D Geat; S Benito; P Caminal
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-02     Completed Date:  2007-09-20     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3909-12     Citation Subset:  -    
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