Document Detail


Study of onychomycosis: prevailing fungi and pattern of infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17377354     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A mycological study of onychomycosis was undertaken in 88 patients. The nails were judged to be infected by their clinical appearance. Direct microscopy of the nail clips in 20% KOH solution was positive in 72 (81.8%) and culture was positive in 43 (48.8%) cases. Out of the samples cultured, dermatophytes were grown in 26 cases (29.5%), non dermatophyte moulds in 12 (13.6%) and Candida spp. in 5 (5.6%) while 45 (51.1%) samples yielded no growth. Amongst dermatophytes, T. rubrum was found to be commonest etiological agent (57.6%) followed by T. mentagrophyte. Amongst the non-dermatophyte mould (NDM), Aspergillus spp. was the most prevalent species followed by Alternaria spp, Curvularia spp. and Fusarium spp. Commonest age group affected was above 31 years. Males were predominantly affected (65%), male to female ratio being 1.8:1. Fingernails were affected more frequently than toe nails with the ratio of 3:1. Distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO) was more common (50%) than other clinical pattern followed by proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO) (20.4%), white superficial onychomycosis (SWO) (2%), total dystrophic onychomysosis (TDO) (14%) and paronychia (10.2%).
Authors:
P Veer; N S Patwardhan; A S Damle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of medical microbiology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0255-0857     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Med Microbiol     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-22     Completed Date:  2007-08-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700903     Medline TA:  Indian J Med Microbiol     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Arthrodermataceae / classification,  isolation & purification*
Candida albicans / isolation & purification
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Foot Dermatoses / epidemiology,  microbiology,  pathology
Fusarium / isolation & purification
Hand Dermatoses / epidemiology,  microbiology,  pathology
Humans
India / epidemiology
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Onychomycosis / epidemiology,  microbiology,  pathology*
Trichophyton / isolation & purification

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