Document Detail

Study on the necessity for cross-section imaging of the posterior mandible for treatment planning of standard cases in implant dentistry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15248885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether cross-section imaging influences the planning and therapy of standard implant cases in the posterior mandible. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective study conducted over 16 months, the planned treatment (standard implant therapy without bone augmentation procedures in the premolar and molar regions of the mandible) was compared with the postoperative result in 50 randomly selected patients. Clinical examinations and panoramic radiographs were performed pre- and postoperatively, whereas cross-sectional tomography was performed only preoperatively. RESULTS: The vertical magnification factor in the panoramic radiographs was very constant pre- and postoperatively with 1 : 1.27 and in the spiral tomograms with 1 : 1.52. In 11 of 77 implant sites, the mandibular canal could not be evaluated in the spiral tomograms. The additional information from cross-sectional spiral tomography did not influence the original planning in 74 of 77 (96.1%) implant sites. Based on the postoperative panoramic radiograph, the average distance from the tip of the implants to the mandibular canal was 3.04+/-2.06 mm. In two cases (2.6%), transient postoperative altered tactile sensation of the mental nerve was found. CONCLUSION: The information from preoperative cross-sectional spiral tomography has minor impact on treatment planning in standard implant cases in mandibular premolar and molar regions. The clinical examination provides sufficient information for selecting implant diameter and the panoramic radiograph provides sufficient information for implant length selection.
Christian Frei; Daniel Buser; Karl Dula
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical oral implants research     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0905-7161     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-13     Completed Date:  2004-10-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105713     Medline TA:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-7     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
Jaw, Edentulous / radiography,  surgery
Mandible / radiography*,  surgery
Middle Aged
Patient Care Planning
Prospective Studies
Radiography, Dental / methods*
Radiography, Panoramic
Tomography, Spiral Computed / utilization*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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