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THE STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE AND INITIAL GLUCOSE CONCENTRATION ON THE FERMENTATION PROCESS IN THE PRESENCE OF Saccharomyces cerevisiae YEAST STRAIN IMMOBILIZED ON STARCH GELS BY REVERSED-FLOW GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The technique of reversed-flow gas chromatography (RFGC) was employed for the determination of the alcoholic fermentation phases and of kinetic parameters for free and immobilized cell systems, at different initial glucose concentrations and temperature values. In addition to this, due to its considerable advantages over other techniques, RFGC was used for the characterization of a new biocatalyst, yeast cells immobilized on starch gel, and especially wheat starch gel. Immobilization of wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae AXAZ-1 was accomplished on wheat and corn starch gels in order to prepare new biocatalysts with great interest for the fermentation industry. The RFGC led with great accuracy, resulting from a literature review, to the determination of reaction rate constants and activation energies at each phase of the fermentation processes. A maximum value of rate constants was observed at initial glucose concentration of 205 g/L, where a higher number of yeast cells was observed. The increase of glucose concentrations had a negative influence on the growth of AXAZ-1 cells and rate constants were decreased. The decrease of fermentation temperature caused a substantial reduction in the viability of immobilized cells as well as in rate constant values. Activation energies of corn starch gel presented lower values than those of wheat starch gel. However, the two supports showed higher catalytic efficiency than free cell systems, proving that starch gels may act as a promoter of the catalytic activity of the yeast cells involved in the fermentation process.
Authors:
G Ch Lainioti; J Kapolos; A Koliadima; G Karaiskakis
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preparative biochemistry & biotechnology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1532-2297     ISO Abbreviation:  Prep. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607037     Medline TA:  Prep Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  489-506     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Department of Chemistry , University of Patras , Patras , Greece.
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