Document Detail


Study of the current status and factors that influence indoor air pollution in 138 houses in the urban area in Xi'an.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18991922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Indoor air pollutants were monitored in 138 households in urban Xi'an that were recently decorated, and the concentrations of formaldehyde, total volatile organic compounds (TVOC), amines, benzene, methylbenzol, xylene, and radon were monitored in the bedrooms, sitting rooms, dinning rooms, kitchens, bathrooms, and studies of the houses. The most seriously elevated pollutants were TVOC and formaldehyde, whose rates exceeded standards by 69.8% and 60.8%, respectively. Ammonia was 13.2% above the standard, and xylene was 8.7% above the standard. The level of radon in 100% of the rooms was below the standard. Only for formaldehyde were there statistically significant differences in concentrations in the sitting room, bedroom, and study (P < 0.05). Concentrations of TVOC, amines, and xylene were positively related to the concentration of formaldehyde in the same room. The concentrations of the major pollutants in summer were highest and had a statistically significant difference with those in other seasons. TVOC and formaldehyde were the most serious pollutants indoors after decorating in an urban area of Xi'an. The concentrations of formaldehyde in the sitting rooms were different than in other types of rooms. Formaldehyde can be a representative of the levels of pollutants indoors; rooms with a higher concentration of formaldehyde tend to have higher levels of other pollutants. In addition, pollutants in the decorated rooms have a strong positive dependence on the monitoring seasons. Summer was the peak time of indoor pollutant levels. Households should pay extra attention to ventilation and take other effective measures to avoid health problems caused by indoor air pollutants.
Authors:
Junhan Liu; Yuming Guo; Xiaochuan Pan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Volume:  1140     ISSN:  1749-6632     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-10     Completed Date:  2008-12-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506858     Medline TA:  Ann N Y Acad Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  246-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis
Air Pollution
Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
China
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Monitoring / methods
Formaldehyde / analysis
Housing
Humans
Radon / analysis
Seasons
Ventilation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 10043-92-2/Radon; 50-00-0/Formaldehyde

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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