Document Detail


Study of blood contact in simulated surgical needlestick injuries with single or double latex gloving.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19049439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Needlestick injuries are the most common injuries that occur among operation room personnel in the health care service. The risk of infection after a needlestick injury during surgery greatly depends on the quantity of pathogenic germs transferred at the point of injury. The aim of this study was to measure the quantity of blood transferred at the point of a percutaneous injury by using radioactively labeled blood. DESIGN: This study was conducted to evaluate the risk of infection through blood contact by simulating surgical needlestick injuries ex vivo. The tests were conducted by puncturing single and double latex gloves with diverse sharp devices and objects that were contaminated with Technetium solution-labeled blood. RESULTS: A mean volume of 0.064 microL of blood was transferred in punctures with the an automatic lancet at a depth of 2.4 mm through 1 layer of latex. When the double-gloving indicator technique was used, a mean volume of only 0.011 microL of blood was transferred (median, 0.007 microL); thus, by wearing 2 pairs of gloves, the transferred volume of blood was reduced by a factor of 5.8. CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that double gloving leads to a significant reduction in the quantity of blood transferred during needlestick injury.
Authors:
Andreas Wittmann; Nenad Kralj; Jan Köver; Klaus Gasthaus; Friedrich Hofmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1559-6834     ISO Abbreviation:  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-10     Completed Date:  2009-02-06     Revised Date:  2009-08-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804099     Medline TA:  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  53-6     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
Department of Safety Engineering, University of Wuppertal, and the Helios Klinikum Wuppertal, Klinik für Nuklearmedizin, Wuppertal, Germany. andwitt@uni-wuppertal.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood-Borne Pathogens
Gloves, Surgical / standards*,  statistics & numerical data*
Latex*
Needlestick Injuries*
Occupational Exposure / prevention & control*
Surgical Procedures, Operative / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Swine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Latex
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009 Sep;30(9):928-9; author reply 929   [PMID:  19653826 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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