Document Detail


Study of bacterial air pollution in an arid region of Africa affected by cerebrospinal meningitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  5316855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In 1968 and 1969, a study of the prevalence of airborne bacteria in different types of dwelling was carried out in Upper Volta and in Mali in order to determine the relationship between bacterial pollution of the air and the spread of cerebrospinal meningitis.In homes and schools in Upper Volta the total number of airborne bacteria, including those of oral origin, was found to be much higher during the dry season, when epidemics of cerebrospinal meningitis occur, than in the rainy periods.The study in Mali was carried out during an epidemic of cerebrospinal meningitis; two districts of the city of Bamako were chosen, those with the highest and lowest rates of infection. The number of airborne bacteria in the district of high incidence was found to be 10 times that in the district of low incidence.The study has shown that high counts of airborne bacteria and organisms of buccal origin are indicative of conditions that favour the spread of cerebrospinal meningitis. Sanitary measures to reduce the number of airborne bacteria would therefore be a useful means of combating epidemics of cerebrospinal meningitis in Africa.
Authors:
P Ghipponi; J Darrigol; R Skalova; B Cvjetanović
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1971  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1972-05-24     Completed Date:  1972-05-24     Revised Date:  2010-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Microbiology*
Burkina Faso
Climate
Humans
Mali
Meningitis, Meningococcal / etiology*,  prevention & control
Sanitation
Seasons
Comments/Corrections

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