Document Detail

Study of apoptosis in skin lesions of leprosy in relation to treatment and lepra reactions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16830636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In leprosy on treatment, one factor contributing to the healing of skin lesions with minimal fibrosis may be apoptosis of inflammatory cells, even though apoptosis is sparse in leprosy as compared to tuberculosis. The degree of apoptosis in skin lesions of leprosy was studied by histopathologic examination (HPE) and by DNA fragmentation and electrophoresis. The effect of various parameters on apoptosis was noted in untreated disease, during treatment at 3 and 6 months, and in lepra reactions in different parts of the spectrum of leprosy. Of the 31 patients, 13 had paucibacillary (PB) and 18 multibacillary (MB) disease. Twenty one patients were in reaction: 16 had type 1 reaction and 5 had type 2 reaction. The controls included patients with non-granulomatous skin diseases; there were no normal controls, and no separate controls for cases with reaction. Apoptosis occurred more frequently in patients with leprosy as compared to the controls. In both PB & MB lesions, apoptosis was observed to increase progressively with treatment at 3 and 6 months, and was more prominent in the MB cases at 6 months of treatment. When lesions in either type 1 or type 2 reaction were compared to lesions not in reaction, a significant increase in apoptosis (p = 0.014) was found only in lesions with type 2 reaction and those which were at 6 months of treatment. The type of treatment regimen, or oral steroids given for reactions, did not significantly alter the degree of apoptosis. Our observations indicate that increased apoptosis is present in leprosy lesions and that in leprosy it progressively increases with anti-leprosy treatment up to 6 months. If the process of apoptosis in skin lesions is followed up for a longer period of time, the degree of apoptosis may be expected to decline. The study of apoptosis may help to understand the mechanism of clearance of bacilli and resolution of granulomas in leprosy patients.
C Ajith; Sachin Gupta; Bishan D Radotra; Sunil K Arora; Bhushan Kumar; Sunil Dogra; Inderjeet Kaur
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of leprosy and other mycobacterial diseases : official organ of the International Leprosy Association     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0148-916X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Lepr. Other Mycobact. Dis.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-11     Completed Date:  2006-07-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505819     Medline TA:  Int J Lepr Other Mycobact Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
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MeSH Terms
Apoptosis / genetics
DNA Fragmentation
Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
Leprostatic Agents / therapeutic use
Leprosy / drug therapy,  pathology*
Middle Aged
Skin / pathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Leprostatic Agents

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