Document Detail


Study on X-ray-induced apoptosis and chromosomal damage in G2 human lymphocytes in the presence of pifithrin-α, an inhibitor of p53.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21889606     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study is to investigate the role of the cell-cycle phase in cells exposed to radiation and chemicals in relation to the cellular response. The analysis was focused on the G2 cell-cycle phase, exploring the impact of p53 inhibition in human lymphocytes irradiated with X-rays in the presence or absence of pifithrin-α (PFT-α), a p53-specific inhibitor. Lymphocytes, 44h after stimulation to proliferate, were X-irradiated with 0.5Gy both in the presence or the absence of PFT-α and post-treated with a pulse of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) to distinguish cells in the S- or G2-phase at the moment of irradiation. At early sampling times after X-ray exposure the following parameters were analysed: cellular proliferation, apoptosis, chromosomal aberrations and p53 expression. The results show an enhancement of apoptotic cells in G2 at early sampling times after irradiation and no differences in terms of chromosomal aberration induction both in cells treated with X-rays alone and in cells treated with X-rays plus PFT-α. Expression of p53 was not detectable at all recovery times. The results suggest a p53-independent apoptotic pathway acting at early times after X-ray exposure in G2 lymphocytes. Furthermore, the same yield of X-ray-induced chromatid breaks was observed both in the presence or absence of PFT-α implying that in G2 X-irradiated lymphocytes this inhibitor of the p53 protein does not affect DNA repair.
Authors:
Vincenza Ortenzi; Roberta Meschini; Andrea Berni; Pierluigi Mancinelli; Fabrizio Palitti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mutation research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0027-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400763     Medline TA:  Mutat Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology and Biology, University of Tuscia, Via San Camillo de Lellis s.n.c., 01100 Viterbo, Italy.
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