Document Detail


Studies on mode of detection of leprosy in China during the years 1981-1998.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11715276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Along with the nationwide economic reform initiated in the early 1980s and the rapid decrease of leprosy endemic after the implementation of multi-drug therapy (MDT), the leprosy programme changed from 'vertical' to 'horizontal'. An evolution in the mode of detection of leprosy cases has consequently taken place. Based on the nationwide registration of newly detected cases, the profile of patients at detection has been studied. The proportions of cases corrected significantly with calendar years in detection by dermatological clinics, contact checks, 'clue survey' and mass survey, showing a significant increase in percentage of cases detected through dermatological clinics and contact checks, and decreases through 'clue survey' and mass survey. Detection of cases through dermatological clinics and voluntary reporting have become the main modes of case-finding during 1997-1998, accounting for 37.3% and 28.6%, respectively, where contact check accounts for only 9.1%. In areas with good dermatological services, a significantly higher proportion (75.9%) of cases was detected through dermatological clinics, where voluntary reporting and 'clue survey' were the main modes of detection in endemic areas. As regards confirmation of diagnosis, the great majority of cases were confirmed by leprosy units, even though they were detected in various other situations. Only 6.5% of leprosy cases were detected and subsequently confirmed by doctors in dermatologic clinics. The present modes of detection and their relation to demographical, epidemiological, clinical factors and health services are discussed. This study emphasizes the cardinal importance of the dermatological clinics in the detection of leprosy cases in China at the present time and hence the need to strengthen the training of doctors in these clinics, while continuously encourage their involvement in leprosy control.
Authors:
X S Chen; W Z Li; C Jiang; C B Zhu; G Y Ye
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Leprosy review     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0305-7518     ISO Abbreviation:  Lepr Rev     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-21     Completed Date:  2001-12-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243711     Medline TA:  Lepr Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  302-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) & Peking Union of Medical College (PUMC), National Center for STD and Leprosy Control, 12 Jiangwangmiao Street, Nanjing, 210042, China. xschen@jlonline.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
China / epidemiology
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Leprosy / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Male
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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