Document Detail

Studies on mastitis, milk quality and health risks associated with consumption of milk from pastoral herds in Dodoma and Morogoro regions, Tanzania.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16131824     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of mastitis, milk quality and health risks associated with milk consumption were investigated on 96 randomly selected traditional herds in Dodoma rural and Mvomero districts of Tanzania. Mastitis was investigated based on clinical signs, microbiology and California mastitis test (CMT), while milk quality was evaluated using total viable count (TVC)and total coliform count (TCC). Animals were tested for tuberculosis using a single comparative intradermal tuberculin test. The prevalence of subclinical mastitis based on CMT was low (8.3%). The major isolates were Staphylococcus aureus (35.3%), other staphylococci (20.8%), coliforms (27.7%), microcci (5.8%) and streptococci (9.8%). The average TVC of milk in Dodoma rural district (1.0 x 10(7) +/- 3.4 x 10(7)) was significantly higher than that in Mvomero district (8.9 x 10 (5) 3.5 x 10(6)) (p < 0.001) and the proportion of TCC-positive samples in Dodoma (70.7%) were significantly higher (p < 0.001) than that of Mvomero sample(20.8%). Whereas no tuberculin reactor animal was detected in the study animals, atypical mycobacteria were isolated from milk and one sample from Dodoma had Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Knowledge on health risks associated with milk consumption was low (20.8%). It is concluded that lack of awareness on health risks associated with milk consumption amongst rural communities needs to be addressed in order to safeguard their health.
Esron D Karimuribo; Lughano J Kusiluka; Robinson H Mdegela; Angolwisye M Kapaga; Calvin Sindato; Dominic M Kambarage
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary science     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1229-845X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Sci.     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2005-10-31     Revised Date:  2009-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100964185     Medline TA:  J Vet Sci     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  213-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Veterinary Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania.
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MeSH Terms
Mastitis, Bovine / epidemiology*
Milk / microbiology*,  standards*
Public Health
Tanzania / epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Bovine / epidemiology*

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