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Structures of trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductases from Clostridium acetobutulicum and Treponema denticola: insights into the substrate specificity and the catalytic mechanism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23050861     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductases (TERs, EC 1.3.1.44), which specifically catalyze the reduction of crotonyl-CoA to butyryl-CoA using NADH as cofactor, have recently been applied in the design of robust synthetic pathways to produce 1-butanol as a biofuel. We report here the characterization of a TER homologue in Clostridium acetobutylicum (CaTER), the structures of CaTER in apo form and in complexes with NADH and NAD+, and the structure of Treponema denticola TER (TdTER) in complex with NAD+. Structural and sequence comparisons show that CaTER and TdTER share about 45% overall sequence identity and high structural similarities with the FabV class enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductases in the bacterial fatty acid synthesis pathway, suggesting that both types of enzymes belong to the same family. CaTER and TdTER function as monomers and consist of a cofactor-binding domain and a substrate-binding domain with the catalytic active site located at the interface of the two domains. Structural analyses of CaTER together with mutagenesis and biochemical data indicate that the conserved Glu75 determines the cofactor specificity, and the conserved Tyr225, Tyr235, and Lys244 play critical roles in catalysis. Upon cofactor binding, the substrate-binding loop changes from an open conformation to a closed conformation, narrowing a hydrophobic channel to the catalytic site. A modeling study shows that the hydrophobic channel is optimal in both width and length for the binding of crotonyl-CoA. These results provide molecular bases for the high substrate specificity and the catalytic mechanism of TERs.
Authors:
Kuan Hu; Meng Zhao; Tianlong Zhang; Manwu Zha; Chen Zhong; Yu Jiang; Jianping Ding
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Biochemical journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1470-8728     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984726R     Medline TA:  Biochem J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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