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Structure-activity relationship of salicylic acid derivatives on inhibition of TNF-α dependent NFκB activity: Implication on anti-inflammatory effect of N-(5-chlorosalicyloyl)phenethylamine against experimental colitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22154834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To develop a more potent NFκB inhibitor from salicylic acid which is known to inhibit activity of NFκB, a transcription factor regulating genes involved in immunity, inflammation and tumorigenesis, derivatives of salicylic acid (SA) where the 5 position, carboxyl or hydroxyl group was modified were treated in HCT116 cells transfected with an NFκB dependent luciferase gene and LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Amidation of the carboxylic group or substitution of chlorine at the 5 position increased the ability of SA to suppress the expression of NFκB dependent luciferase and inducible nitric oxide synthase, a product of an NFκB target gene. Moreover, simultaneous amidation and chlorination of SA (5-chlorosalicylamide; 5-CSAM) conferred an additive NFκB inhibitory activity on SA. To further enhance the inhibitory activity, N-modification was imposed on 5-CSAM. N-(5-chlorosalicyloyl)phenethylamine (5-CSPA), N-(5-chlorosalicyloyl)3-phenylpropylamine (5-CSPPA) and N-(5-chlorosalicyloyl)4-hydroxyphenylethylamine (5-CSHPA) showed greater potencies for inhibiting NFκB activity than other derivatives. Their IC(50)s' in the luciferase assay measured 15μM (5-CSPA), 17μM (5-CSPPA) and 91μM (5-CSHPA). Rectal administration of 5-CSPA ameliorated TNBS-induced rat colitis, which was more effective than a conventional drug, 5-aminosalicylic acid. These data may provide useful information for development of a therapeutic agent for treatment of diseases where NFκB plays a critical role in the pathogenic progresses.
Authors:
Jihye Kim; Sookjin Kang; Sungchae Hong; Soowhan Yum; Young Mi Kim; Yunjin Jung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of medicinal chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1768-3254     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0420510     Medline TA:  Eur J Med Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Biomedicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735, Republic of Korea.
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